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Directorate of Employment & Industries

Directorate of Employment & Industries

A Perspective

The Employment Service in India came into existence, mainly under the stress of post war demobilization. Towards the end of second world war the need for a machinery which could handle orderly absorption in civil life, a large number of service personnel and war workers, who were about to be released, was keenly felt. Having regard to the complexity of the problem and in order to ensure uniformity in policies and effective co-ordination of efforts, it was considered necessary that the proposed machinery be directed and controlled by the Central Government. In accordance with a scheme, the Directorate General of Resettlement and Employment was set up in July 1945, and Employment Exchange were opened in several parts of the country. With the partition of the country in 1947, the Employment Exchanges were called upon to deal with resettlement of a large number of persons, who were displaced. By 1948, in response to popular demand, scope of the service was extended to all categories of applicants. This transition of the Employment Service from a resettlement agency to an all India placement organisation resulted in an enormous increase of work. From 1st November 1956 administrative control of the Employment Service was transferred to the respective states by the Government of India.

Set Up Of Madhya Pradesh Employment Service

At present 51 Employment Exchanges are functioning in the State, 45 as District Employment Exchanges, 1 Town Employment Exchange, 1 Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped Persons, 1 Project Employment Exchange, 1 Coaching cum Guidance Centre for SC/ST, 1 Employment Exchange - Extension counter and 1 Directorate office. The main functions of the Employment Department are as below:

Registration and Placement Of Job-Seekers In Gainful Employment

·         Providing Vocational and Career Guidance to job-seekers who visit Employment Exchanges as well as to students of Schools Colleges and Universities.

·         Publication and dissemination of occupational and career guidance literature.

·         Enforcement of the Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act 1959.

·         Disbursement of Un-employment Allowance to the educated un-employed registrants.

·         Occupational Information Unit in Directorate studies and analyses various occupants, collects and compiles occupational information regarding training facilities available in the State.

·         Collection and compilation of statistics regarding Employment Market Information.

·         Providing employment assistance and guidance to those persons who are desirous of going abroad for employment, higher education or professional training.

Employment Market Information (EMI)

This program envisages quarterly study of employment situation in the state. The information thus collected is analysed, compiled and submitted to the Director General of Employment & Training, Government of India, Ministry of Labour, New Delhi and State Planning Board for formulating manpower scheme. This program helps in identifying the changes in the pattern of employment and occupations in the State and extent of shortages and surplus of various types of workers. the program covers all establishments in Public Sector including Quasi Government establishments and those in Private Sector (Non-Agricultural) which normally employ 10 persons or more.

Self Employment

The Government is giving top priority to the promotion of self-employment in the State particularly among the educated un-employed youth. In order to have information about the different viable projects in each District.


For more details www.mprojgar.org